What does Textile Finishing mean?
Textile finishing refers to any physical or chemical treatment used to improve upon the look, feel, or performance of a fabric.
Rawr Denim explains Textile Finishing
While there are many different processes used to finish fabric, the most common ones used on denim include singeing, scouring, bleaching, desizing, mercerizing, sanforizing, and bio-polishing, each designed to accomplish a specific goal. For example, scouring removes foreign particles and helps a fabric to take dye better, while sanforizing prevents a garment from shrinking after washing. In general, raw denim jeans do not undergo any of the finishing processes.
Here is an example of textile finishing: